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Inside the Romanesque church of Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio in the Tre Fontane Abbey in Rome. 
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Inside the Romanesque church of Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio in the Tre Fontane Abbey in Rome.

"Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio alle Tre Fontane is (together with Santa Maria Scala Coeli and San Paolo alle Tre Fontane) one of three churches at the site of St Paul's martyrdom. It is an abbey church dedicated to St Vincent and St Anastasius.

The first church here was probably built by Pope Honorius I c. 625, and served by Greek monks. The present Romanesque church was probably built by Pope Innocent II (1130-1143, and then included in the monastery the Cistercians built at the site in 1221. The monastery and church now belongs to the Trappists. [...]

There is not much decoration, as is customary for Cistercian churches in the Romanesque style. Fragments of frescoes from the 15th century survive, and the windows are the original 12th century ones. There are seven altars in the church, and among the saints interred in them are the titular saints. It is also said that St Zeno's is interred here, but his remains are known to have been moved from Santa Maria Scala Coeli to Santa Prassede in the 9th century. It is not unlikely that a smaller relic of St Zeno is preserved in one of the altars." (From the Churches of Rome Wiki, CC-BY-SA).

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In the crypt below the Santa Maria Scala Coeli church in the Tre Fontane Abbey in Rome. 
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In the crypt below the Santa Maria Scala Coeli church in the Tre Fontane Abbey in Rome.

A small 15th-century altar is dedicated to Saint Zeno and his 10,203 Roman legionnaires, martyred here during Diocletian's persecutions of Christians. Behind the window on the right you can see the cell where St. Paul the Apostle was being held before his beheading.
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Inside the ancient basilica of Santo Stefano Rotondo on the Caelian Hill in Rome. 
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Inside the ancient basilica of Santo Stefano Rotondo on the Caelian Hill in Rome.

Wikipedia: The earliest church was consecrated by Pope Simplicius between 468 and 483. It was dedicated to the protomartyr Saint Stephen, whose body had been discovered a few decades before in the Holy Land, and brought to Rome. The church was the first in Rome to have a circular plan, inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

Originally the church had three concentric ambulatories flanked by 22 Ionic columns, surrounding the central circular space surmounted by a tambour (22 m high and 22 m wide). There were 22 windows in the tambour but most of them were walled up in the 15th century restoration. The outermost corridor was later demolished.

The church was embellished by Pope John I and Pope Felix IV in the 6th century. In 1130 Innocent II had three transversal arches added to support the dome.

In the Middle Ages, Santo Stefano Rotondo was in the charge of the Canons of San Giovanni in Laterano, but as time went on it fell unto disrepair. In the middle of the 15th century, Flavio Biondo praised the marble columns, marble covered walls and cosmatesque works-of-art of the church, but he added that unfortunately "nowadays Santo Stefano Rotondo has no roof". Blondus claimed that the church was built on the remains of an ancient Temple of Faunus. Excavations in 1969 to 1975 revealed that the building was actually never converted from a pagan temple but was always a church, erected under Constantine I in the first half of the 4th century.

In 1454, Pope Nicholas V entrusted the ruined church to the Pauline Fathers, the only Catholic Order founded by Hungarians. This is the reason why Santo Stefano Rotondo later became the unofficial church of the Hungarians in Rome. The church was restored by Bernardo Rossellino, it is presumed under the guidance of Leon Battista Alberti.

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St. Stephen's martyrdom (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)The 7th century mosaic in the chapel of Sts. Primus and Felician, Santo Stefano Rotondo, RomeSanto Stefano Rotondo, Rome
Inside the Santo Stefano Rotondo church on the Caelian Hill in Rome. 
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Inside the Santo Stefano Rotondo church on the Caelian Hill in Rome.
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Episcopal throne of Pope Gregory the Great (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)The Renaissance burial monument of archdeacon János Lászai, 1523 (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)
Inside the Santo Stefano Rotondo church on the Caelian Hill in Rome. 
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Inside the Santo Stefano Rotondo church on the Caelian Hill in Rome.

"To single out details from the great dream of Roman Churches, would be the wildest occupation in the world. But St. Stefano Rotondo, a damp mildewed vault of an old church in the outskirts of Rome, will always struggle uppermost in my mind, by reason of the hideous paintings with which its walls are covered. These represent the martyrdoms of saints and early Christians; and such a panorama of horror and butchery no man could imagine in his sleep, though he were to eat a whole pig, raw, for supper. Grey-bearded men being boiled, fried, grilled, crimped, singed, eaten by wild beasts, worried by dogs, buried alive, torn asunder by horses, chopped up small with hatchets: women having their breasts torn with iron pincers, their tongues cut out, their ears screwed off, their jaws broken, their bodies stretched upon the rack, or skinned upon the stake, or crackled up and melted in the fire: these are among the mildest subjects. So insisted on, and laboured at, besides, that every sufferer gives you the same occasion for wonder as poor old Duncan awoke, in Lady Macbeth, when she marvelled at his having so much blood in him." (Charles Dickens: Pictures from Italy, 1846).
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Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)Scenes of martyrdom - drastic frescoes by Niccolò Pomarancio and Antonio Tempesta (Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome)
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Thursday, Nov 2, 2017: On the walls of Palácio da Pena in Sintra, Portugal
Palácio da Pena
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